Benefit in Kind (BIK) tax is predicated on the CO2 emissions of a vehicle. The BIK rate is multiplied by the P11D price of the car to derive the value of the annual taxable benefit. The rate of income tax paid by the driver is then applied to this amount to give the annual BIK charge.
As an example, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Saloon has a P11D value of £28,025 and incurs a 2012/2013 BIK tax rate of 15%* thanks to CO2 emissions of 109g/km (see BIK tax bandings). This makes the annual taxable benefit of the 320d EfficientDynamics saloon £4,204, meaning a 40% tax payer would pay a total of £140.13 per month**.
Vehicle Excise Duty (also known as VED or Road Tax) is also related to CO2 emissions, with cars emitting 130g/km or less attracting no charge in the first year. At 109g/km the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics sits in VED Band B (101-110g/km). Band B vehicles pay no VED in the first year and £20 each following year***.
Write-down allowance is another consideration for outright purchasers. Capital allowance rules allow businesses to offset a proportion of a new car's depreciation in the first year of ownership against corporation tax. Vehicles emitting up to 110g/km offer 100% write-down allowance, while those emitting 111g/km-160g/km offer 18% WDA. Cars emitting over 160g/km offer 8% WDA.
*rate varies between petrol and diesel cars
**figures correct at time of publishing (August 2012)
***based on 2012/2013 VED structure